Before you get a feathered pet, you should find out in detail what are the features of caring for poultry.
When transporting in the winter, poultry should not be immediately brought from the street into a hotly heated room. A bird cage should be placed for 30–40 minutes in a room where the temperature does not exceed 20 ° C. When transporting birds of very heat-loving species, it is necessary to ensure that the temperature in the cage is not lower than 25 ° C. To do this, the cage with poultry can be wrapped in a warm blanket or plaid.
A cage with canaries, or small parrots is best placed on a cabinet or high shelf. So they worry less. It is not recommended to place a bird cage near the heater.
In the first week of your stay at your home, you need to watch how the bird eats food. It is necessary to find out what food the poultry eats more readily, and in what quantities – this is how the daily feeding rate is established. Remember that a sharp transition from one feed to another leads to indigestion in poultry. In the case of liquid stool, poultry should be given rice or oat broth instead of water until the litter is complete. When the bird gets stronger, it is gradually transferred to uncleaned grains.
Important condition poultry care – this is purity in the cell. The dirt accumulated on the perch and in the pallet of the cage should be brushed and washed off with hot water and soap, after which it is recommended to treat the cage with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Pallet bird cages you need to cover it with paper and, as it becomes soiled, droppings (but at least once a week) change it. Some birds like to wallow in the sand, so it is extremely undesirable to deprive them of pleasure. In this case, the sand should be put in a cage in a separate tray.
Daily feeder, drinking bowl and bath for poultry are washed daily with hot water and soap and wiped with a clean towel. It is especially necessary to ensure that mucus harmful to bird health does not form on the glass of the drinker. Water in drinking bowls and baths for poultry is changed once a day in the cool season, and more often in hot weather. Place the drinker and bird feeder as far as possible from each other so that the water is not contaminated with feed waste and the feed is not wetted by water.
When caring for poultry, do not make sudden movements, speak loudly or scream at them. Poultry understand the intonations of the human voice well and behave more calmly if handled kindly. When distributing food, water and cleaning the cage, poultry will behave much calmer if you use a cage with sliding feeders, a tray and hanging drinking bowls. Rearranging the cage, changing the poles, taking out the pan in the cage with shy birds, you must first cover it with a piece of cloth (so the birds will be less afraid). It is necessary to transfer the cage with the poultry, taking it with one hand on the side and the other from the bottom. You can not grasp the cage with your hands from opposite sides – so the birds are very scared.
Sunlight and almost equally artificial lighting, along with other conditions of detention, have a great influence on the growth, physiological development, vitality and reproduction of poultry. For canaries and some other poultry, the duration of daylight hours and the intensity of illumination of the cage are also important. The fact is that all these birds live in subtropical and tropical zones, where the duration of the day throughout the year is about 12 hours, and the illumination per unit area is much higher than in mid-latitudes. In late autumn, winter and early spring, when the day is short and the birds do not have time to eat the daily feed intake, it is necessary to artificially extend the daylight hours to 14-16 hours, including electric lighting. Its power should be at least 5 watts per 1 square. m. Moreover, as established by research and confirmed by practice, the light from conventional incandescent lamps and the so-called gas-light (more economical) effects on the bird completely (except for the effect of ultraviolet radiation) replaces natural sunlight. The ultraviolet part of direct sunlight, delayed by window glass and absent in artificial light, has a bactericidal effect and promotes the formation of vitamin E. Therefore, in the warm season, it is advisable to place the cage with poultry in the sun, but to shelter from scorching rays, it is necessary to arrange shaded in the cage corners. In well-lit rooms and when exposed to direct sunlight, poultry feel better, breed well and grow full-fledged offspring.
Transplanting a poultry from one cage to another, in no case should you pick it up in your hands. This can greatly scare the poultry and even lead to its death. The tame bird is transferred to another cage on the hand or finger, the wild bird is distilled by placing the cages with the doors open close to each other, and having previously removed the poles from them. At the same time, the cage from which they want to transfer the poultry is covered with a veil, and the bird passes into a new cage itself. When transplanting from an aviary, birds have to be caught with a net. The net is made of light matter, its length should exceed the diameter of the ring by about half. The end of the bag is rounded. After catching the bird, the net must be rotated 180 ° – and your pet will be in a closed space. In this form, it is transferred to the right place. If absolutely necessary, you have to take the poultry in your hand. You need to hold the bird, fixing the neck between the index and middle fingers, the abdomen up. It is more convenient to examine claws on paws, evaluate fat reserves, and the course of molting. When molting, hemp or tassels of unopened feathers are clearly visible.
Some lovers periodically let poultry fly around the room, others do not close the cage door at all, and the birds go into it to rest or eat. This content has a beneficial effect on the health of poultry, but they cannot be released until they get used to the domestic environment. And for the first time, the bird needs to be released in the evening or in the morning with the curtains drawn up, before feeding. So that it does not fly out into the street, a metal mesh should be put on the window opening, and a tight-fitting curtain made of rare fabric with a load below should be hung on the opening of the balcony door. If this is not done, the poultry will sooner or later end up on the street and, frightened by the street noise, will fly away.
If you have a lot of birds at home, and you decide to get another one, then the bird you just purchased must be placed in a separate cage and quarantined for a month. If this is not done, you can infect and kill other birds.
During quarantine, it is recommended that bacteriological and parasitological studies of bird droppings be carried out twice (weekly), and special attention should be paid to the possibility of detecting coccidia, salmonella and roundworm at all stages of their development. Litter is examined in the bacteriological department of the laboratory of a veterinary clinic. After quarantine, a healthy bird is placed in a common cage with other poultry, and the patient is isolated until its recovery.