When deciding to breed quail in his house, you need to immediately take care of where they will live. It is not possible to spontaneously and hastily approach the arrangement of housing for quail. Simple enclosures that are used to keep poultry will not work for them.
What should be the quail cages
The main requirement for a quail cage is that it should not be a simple deaf box with openings. All significant walls of the structure must be made of mesh. The size of the cells in the grid, which plays the role of the walls, should be such that the bird could freely stick its head out and reach its feeding trough. It should be remembered that young brisk individuals through large mesh cells can instantly slip through.
An equally important characteristic of a quail house is its area. Each bird should have at least two square decimeters of area, otherwise it will be crowded.
General requirements for quail houses:
Pets should live in a dry place. From the abundance of moisture the bird can get sick.
- The grid must have a cell size that is suitable for this age category. Small quail can pop out through large cells.
- Pets should not be placed in the same housing in excess of the recommended norms.
- The place where the quail will live should correspond to their purpose. Depending on why the bird is planted, this or that type of its dwelling will be chosen.
Place to install the home must comply with basic safety rules, be protected from the weather and predators. Quail is contraindicated in the constant exposure to the bright sun and drafts.
The natural habitat of quail is an area with dense vegetation, and this is the environment that needs to be recreated for pets. The productivity of the bird directly depends on how comfortable they feel in their home.
Quail cage sizes
To determine the exact dimensions of the future quail dwelling, one should determine the age of the bird, which is planned to be kept. Quail of different ages you need to keep in separate, specially created for each age category, houses.
For small quails, a dwelling with a height of up to 250 millimeters is quite suitable. If the cells are installed by the battery, then it is allowed to install them in several tiers, usually up to five. With this installation, it must be borne in mind that the very first tier should be at a distance of half a meter from the ground.
Purchased quail cages and which are made by themselves, can be divided into the following types:
- brooders – used for very small chicks, which are no more than ten days old;
- for chicks who have not reached 45 days from the moment of birth;
- for adult birds;
- cage for layers;
- housing for the maintenance of the parent herd;
- for quails grown for meat.
A quail house for any purpose must be equipped with a feeder and a drinking bowl, which, as a rule, are moved outside and are attached from the outside.
As for brooders, then, when designing and manufacturing them, you need to consider that they get chicks that just hatched in the light. For such a home, it is necessary to provide for the possibility of reliable heating and constant lighting. The mesh size of the brooder does not exceed 10 millimeters in diameter.
After 10 days, young animals will need a slightly different version of the home. Its walls can be completely mesh, with a mesh size of about 15×25 millimeters at the front and rear walls, and at the end walls – up to 25×25 mm. Such a small size is due to, that very young pets have incredible mobility, and due to their small size, they slip through the cells very quickly and quietly.
The adult must be kept in appropriate conditions. Usually these are boxes with plywood walls on the back and front, and on the sides – mesh, with a mesh size of 32×48 mm. As a floor in a cage, a mesh with small cells is used. On the front side of the house is a drinking bowl with water and a feeder.
Quails grown for meat are contained in cages that restrict movement. In this case, you need to make it so that the bird is not too crowded. Usually these are low cells with mesh walls with a mesh size of 32×48 mm.
DIY quail cage
If the choice falls on the manufacture of quail cages with your own hands, instead of buying ready-made ones, then some preparatory work is necessary, namely:
- determine the number of future birds, and therefore the number of cells for them;
- based on the age of the pets, choose the type of future home for him;
- draw a cell layout on paper and align all sizes;
- make step-by-step instructions and make a house for pets on it.
Do-it-yourself quail cage can be made entirely from mesh or from plywood combined with mesh material. The grid itself can be like metal, and plastic. Be sure the entire structure will be mounted on the basis of an iron or wooden frame.
How do you make quail cages with your own hands?
As a rule, novice quail breeders at the initial stage are limited to 20-30 birds. To accommodate such a number of birds, cells with a frame of 700x350x200 mm will be required. Although its dimensions may be slightly changed, depending on the premises where the dwellings for quail will be located.
Housing Cover – Ceiling, will be mesh like all other walls, including the bottom. The floor at the house is usually made of a finer mesh than the walls. The main task is to remove garbage and waste from the house, but so that the bird does not fall down with its paws and does not get stuck to the cage floor.
There is another option how to make a do-it-yourself quail cage quickly. To do this, you need to bend the grid in the right places and use it as a ceiling, back and front cover or as a floor and walls, respectively. The remaining walls can be made of plastic mesh or plywood.
Wood frame is best done, using bars measuring 25×50 mm. Metal frames are made of corners having a size of 25×25 mm, but in some cases the corners may be of another suitable size.
All cages are mounted in special groups, due to which space occupied by birds is saved. In such blocks with sections, quails can be kept on the balcony or in small special rooms.
As you can see in the photo, the convenience of this method is undeniable. Assembling the cage strictly according to the instructions and withstanding all the dimensions that are indicated on the diagram, everything should turn out quickly and not cause any complications in the installation.
- The first step is to collect all the necessary materials: corners or wooden blocks, mesh, screws, nails, plywood.
- Assemble the frame of the entire structure and fix it on the main racks.
- Make mesh walls and upper cell covers, fix them on the frame. On the grids from which the bottoms of the cells will be made, it will be necessary to remove one row of cells, thereby making it possible to take eggs through them. The diagram below shows all the necessary dimensions of such a grid.
- From plywood, make gutters for eggs and install them on the frame.
- Mount feeders and drinking bowls.
Depending on the room in which the pets will live, this or that type of lid in the cage is made to provide access to it. As a rule, the cell opens from above, and the entire upper part acts as a lid. This method is very convenient if the entire cell battery is in a very small room. If there is more space, covers can be made on the side.
In one such cage, located on one tier, one quail family consisting of 2-4 chickens and one cockerel can live.
Quail plywood cages
With a large number of birds, in order to save, it may be more reasonable to make cages from plywood, without the use of metal corners and a large number of nets.
The walls of the quail houses are made of thin plywood, the frame is made of wooden blocks, and the net is used only for the floor and the front side, where is the feeder attached. As shown in the figure, the overall design of such a dwelling is identical to metal and to assemble it will not be any special problems.
Quail cells made of plastic
In addition to traditional methods for making poultry houses with your own hands, you can resort to a relatively new option, which is simple and cheap. In an extreme case, this method can be used when building temporary housing for quail.
Obvious advantages of plastic cells:
- long exploitation;
- material can be obtained for free;
- easy to clean house.
As you can see in the photo, collecting such a quail house is very simple. Of two plastic crates and other improvised means you can get a fully functional home in which the birds will feel quite comfortable.
A pair of plastic boxes is cut at the required level with a hacksaw for metal into two parts. Halves of these parts are assembled in one box, a drinking bowl and a feeder are attached to it. All elements can be securely fastened with self-tapping screws. Like wooden cages, plastic houses can be assembled in several pieces and installed in several levels.