normal: length – 70 cm,
small-sized: length – 60 cm,
All cells are only with a soft top. Better drawers of the same size. Mandatory glazed vestibule and feeders. The distance between the spokes – 2 and 2.5 cm. Thick wire – up to 3 mm in cross section.
Cages for nightingales, blackbirds and larks are good with wooden (maple or beech) knitting needles. If they are made cleanly, they are very elegant, the bird in them feels good, and the distance between the needles for thrushes and large larks, not wild "perched", can be up to 3–3.5 cm.
Saddles. A large cage for the general maintenance of several species of birds is called a cage. The sizes of the cages are very different – from 80? 35? 50 cm up to one and a half and even two meters in length with the appropriate width and height. It all depends on the possibility of placing a cage in the apartment and the taste of the owner. Any hunter needs one or two cages. Here you can contain groups of decorative, low-singing birds, for which individual cells are not needed. You can keep companies of different tits even with a small woodpecker and a landslide, and finally, collections of birds of close species, for example, plantain. The kindergarten makes it possible to create forest interiors for birds, interiors with stumps, branches, stones, bumps, Christmas trees. Well-chosen birds look wonderful in such a cage. How pleasant in such a cage is the red-breasted zaryanka, or bluethroat, forest lark-yula, snow-white bunting …
Remember, however, that you should never “overload” a cage with birds, otherwise it turns into a dirty and unpleasant ark.
Keeping good singers in cages along with other birds is unjustified. Even the best birds transferred to the kindergarten sing less. The exception is carduelis, siskins, repov, which can sing even in crowded cages.
The cage is good for birds during molting, when it is placed in the wild, in the fresh air. It is necessary to strictly monitor that it always has shadow corners where birds rest from the sun. Sometimes birds are released into the cage before the period of singing in the autumn-winter months, and since March they are seated in cages.
Indispensable cage if you decide to breed songbirds. This troublesome job succeeds patient lovers.
The dimensions of the average comfortable cage are as follows: length – 150 cm, width – 45 cm, height – 75 cm. Decorative birds for such cages: bullfinch, goldfinch, siskin, crossbill, blue tit, waxwing, reel, snow bucket, squint.
And the last remark on cages: it is convenient if the back wall of the cage is made of a solid plywood board painted in bluish or white. Decorative birds on such a background are very winning.
Aviaries. Large rooms for birds in the air or in a room, taken up by a net, are called enclosures. A room aviary is usually arranged by the window and enclosed by a metal mesh with a cell diameter of not more than 1.5–1.5 cm. It is equipped with branches and saddles of various sizes, but it is by no means an ideal room for songbirds.
What are the disadvantages of a room window aviary? Firstly, you somehow don’t see birds in it; it’s more difficult to follow them through the net. Secondly, singing in the general choir is so interrupted that you hear only continuous and unpleasant whine. Birds, especially in the spring, try to shout down each other, crack, quarrel, chirp, like budgies, the most annoying bird to hear. Thirdly, it is inconvenient to clean the indoor enclosure without scaring its inhabitants. Many parasites are always bred in it, which are very difficult to exterminate.
A street aviary, or a house, is much more needed for a bird lover. It can be built on a personal plot, somewhere in the corner of a kitchen garden, garden, courtyard. Here, for keeping birds, you can create the best conditions close to natural. The size of the aviary is arbitrary, it all depends on the capabilities of the hunter. Average 4 m 2, not more than 2 high m Good size? 1.5 and 1.8 m heights.
The aviary is built on a foundation of wild stone or bricks dug into the ground. A stone recessed base is necessary so that small predatory animals do not make their way to the birds. If a hunter lives on the outskirts, and even more so in a village, he will soon be convinced that caresses, ferrets, and sometimes ermines will lay a pillar road to the aviary, not to mention cats and rats. It will be especially visible on the first snowball.
On the brick foundation of the house is laid a base of non-thick logs tied to the butt. The aviary is built with a facade to the south, southeast, southwest and west. The other two or three walls are sealed tightly with planks. The roof is made half mesh, half deaf, pitched, so that the birds could hide from the sun and find a place to sleep. It is not necessary to completely cover the aviary, as the birds love rain very much, they like to get wet under it, swim and clean. At the entrance door of the aviary, a wooden platform is made so that the birds do not fly out if you go inside. Then the grid is filled or the frames tightened by it are placed. The entire structure is carefully painted on the outside with oil or enamel paint.
The internal equipment of the enclosures is made to the taste of an amateur. Poles are placed, hollows hang out, the floor is covered with sand. You can sow grass, plant shrubs, but they will remain only if the aviary is not overpopulated.
Dry, strong branches are placed in different places in the house, and if a nuthatch, titmouse or woodpecker lives in the aviary, the rotten trunk of spruce, birch, and pine is required. Deciduous rotten mushrooms, especially aspen ones, eat well and love to hammer almost all birds.
It is not a bad idea to equip an open-air cage for granivores with automatic feeders in case of departure. To make such feeders is very simple, as shown in Fig. p. 169.
In order not to climb into the enclosures every time and not to scare the birds during cleaning, there should be several well-locking small doors. Through them it is convenient to put food, water, throw grass.
An aviary is needed by an amateur mainly for the summer period, when birds molt, but you can keep them in other periods of the year. It is better to have two enclosures or one enclosed for granivorous and insectivorous birds. It must be remembered that in summer all grain-eating animals eat ant eggs perfectly, and you don’t have to get enough feed for the whole company, if it is large.