Breeding and growing quails at home is a very profitable business.
After all, these small birds consume very little food, but at the same time they egg very well and give even a small amount of meat, but it is of very great value.
Keeping quails is absolutely no problem, because they can live even in the house, if you build a special cage for them.
It is about how to do this and the article below will be devoted.
We will try to share with you not only the main cell options, but also stimulate our own creativity, familiarizing ourselves with the main requirements for its construction.
What the cell should look like: get acquainted with the main requirements and criteria
It would seem that the birds in the house are a constant stench, dust and stale air. But, in fact, all of these unpleasant factors are very easy to avoid if you select the correct design for the future cell.
Moreover, you don’t even have to buy it, but it’s quite possible to make it yourself from available and not expensive materials.
In general, if you well understand the requirements that are put forward for such cells, then you can build the right one for you without additional explanations. Below we will acquaint you with such criteria.
- It is very important that the quail in the cage has enough space for life. Therefore, its size should be based on 1 individual per 100 cm2.
Of course, you can leave more space, but think about whether it will be beneficial for you?
Placing too many individuals in one cage is also not worth it.
Firstly, it will be necessary to build just a huge cage, and secondly, a large concentration of birds in one practically enclosed space can negatively affect their health and egg production.
Do not forget about the so-called “egg collection” – that is, the sloping floor, along which the eggs will be rolled out for easy collection.
In this case, the height of the back wall will reach 20 centimeters, while the front – 5 centimeters more. But at the same time, everyone, the angle of inclination for egg assembly should not be more than 8-10ºС, otherwise the birds will also roll down.
The egg collector itself should protrude in front of the front wall of the cage, and 7-10 centimeters will be quite enough for this, the sides must also be attached to it, otherwise the eggs will roll and fall down.
The most popular way to make cells is to use wire mesh. However, it is worth considering the width of its cells, since the quail – the bird is very small, and can easily get out through large openings. Therefore, it is not worth buying a grid with cells larger than 1.2 by 1.2 centimeters.
The diameter of the wire, on which the strength of the cell will depend, can range from 0.9 to 2 millimeters.
- It is very convenient to combine the function of the door in the front wall of the cage. To do this, it is attached to the main structure with special loops, or with simple pieces of wire. This will greatly help save space.
Getting to the construction of the cell: basic instructions
Pros and cons in choosing the most popular materials for the manufacture of cells
If you decide to give your preference to an all-metal cage made of steel galvanized rods (although the use of a conventional aluminum or duralumin mesh is famous for a good result), then first of all you will win in the durability of such a design.
Also, a metal cage is considered the most hygienic, since it can be very easily disinfected with fire, blowtorch or simply boiling water. In addition, the cell will turn out from continuous gratings, which will allow sunlight to completely fill the space of the cell.
However, also quite it is acceptable to make cells from wood or to combine wood with metal. It is recommended to use beech, birch, maple or oak wood as a material.
In relation to this option, the advantage will be the aesthetics of the cells, the springiness of the material, they fit very well into the interior, which certainly can not be said about metal cells. However, wood and combi have much more disadvantages:
- The tree cannot be treated from pests using fire, and the use of other disinfectants will also be practically impossible.
Often dampness accumulates in wooden cages (because they do not dry as fast as metal ones), as a result of which parasites can start at the corners.
- In combined cages, you cannot contain those species of quail birds that have hard beaks, since they can damage it.
What should be the layout of the cage, convenient not only for birds, but also for home?
When you start practicing and really take up the manufacture of a cage, you cannot do it exactly “in line”.
After all, it’s not always possible to bend the grid in the same place, or to select the desired dimensions of the board.
But nevertheless, according to the recommendations of experienced craftsmen in this matter, the largest cage for these birds (that is, for 30 individuals) should have a width of 40 centimeters and a length of 1 meter. At the same time, if meat breeds of quail are grown, or meat-egg, then 5 centimeters must be added to the width and length.
Along with this, do not forget about egg production, which will also occupy some space (its dimensions we have already described above).
However, for the convenience of the cell itself, it should not be made so big, naturally launching in the future not 30, 20-25 quail individuals.
In this case, the cell is obtained with dimensions of 72 by 52 centimeters, well, or 28 by 20 squares of the grid, if you have preferred the metal construction.
But it is even more convenient to produce not individual cells, but entire racks, where each cell is installed on top of each other with the help of special fasteners.
Thus, it is possible to make the simplest rack 1.95 meters high, 1 meter long and 60 centimeters deep (together with the length of the egg receiver), which can easily accommodate from 150 to 200 birds and will not take up much space. With all the parameters taken into account, it will contain 5 cells.
The main stages and features of the construction of cells using wire mesh
Preparation of materials necessary for building a cage
We will build the most practical cage for 25 quail specimens, for which it is easiest to choose the materials of the required sizes. Therefore, we acquire the following materials:
- A metal mesh with a width of one and a half meters and with mesh sizes not exceeding 2.5 by 2.5 centimeters. It is most practical to choose a rod diameter of 1.8 millimeters.
A grid of the same material, but already 1 meter wide and smaller cells – 1.2 by 2.4 centimeters. Without problems, such a grid can be found with a rod diameter of 1.4 millimeters. It will serve as the floor of the cell, which explains such small cells.
For the pallet, you need a piece of galvanized sheet, which can be selected after the main structure is built. Thus, it will be possible to pick up a piece of specific sizes without wasting money or materials.
To firmly fix the floor you need 6 plastic screeds.
- A metal profile manufactured specifically for use with drywall. It will serve as a feeder for our birds. And as a drinking bowl, the most economical option would be a regular plastic bottle.
Getting started with the manufacture of cells: a step-by-step description
- We take our grid one and a half meters wide and cut off a piece of it with a length of only 20 cells. We count 16 cells from both ends of the resulting piece and bend the grid so that the letter P. is obtained. We note that it is most convenient to bend it on the cells themselves, and not at their intersections.
It is important to note that the piece is not cut strictly according to the cells, but the ends of the rods are specially left. They are very convenient for fixing the back wall and floor of the future cage.
We attach the floor to the resulting frame, for which you need to cut a piece of about 72 centimeters wide from the meter grid (naturally, it is better to try on a little so as not to be mistaken). Most often it turns out a piece with a width of 60 cells. Do not forget to leave the ends of the rods, after bending which the design will become more durable and reliable.
From the resulting piece, bend the back wall. It will turn out somewhere in 16 centimeters (6.5 mesh cells).
Using the remnants of twigs sticking out of the net, fastens the back wall to the main frame, and behind it the floor to the side walls. In the process of fixing the floor, do not forget that for rolling eggs it should be slightly inclined. That is, if our back wall turned out to be 16 centimeters high, but the front wall should be about 19 (= 7.5 cells).
From the rest of the floor net that protrudes in the front, we make an egg collector according to the parameters already mentioned above. The main thing – do not forget about the sides that will protect the eggs from falling to the ground.
We fix the floor to the walls with plastic ties.
In order to make the front wall, which will serve as the door, we need a piece of mesh 6 for 28 cells. We cut it off from a 1.5 meter grid, where the cells are larger.
Using separate pieces of wire or with the help of protruding rods, we fasten the resulting piece to the front. We also hang the floor to this front wall of the door, taking for this individual pieces of wire, which in the future can be easily bent back to open the cage.
The door can also be made on top of the cage by cutting out a piece of 6 by 8 cells from the “ceiling” and conveniently fixing it. However, in this design, the cage is not suitable for shelving.
We make the pallet, having previously bent the side walls by 45º for its fasteners. Next, we take a sheet of tin with dimensions of 80 by 60 centimeters, bending all sides to the desired size: three sides are bent up, and one (front) – down.
We make a drinker and feeder from a bottle and a profile, and fasten to the cage with a wire.
- Such a cell can be used immediately, although it is best treated with a disinfectant solution.
We build a plywood quail cage
A wooden or plywood (which is much cheaper) cage is built absolutely according to the same schemes and principles as the above metal one.
The only thing is that the floor in any case should be from the grid. However, this cell has its own special requirements. First of all the material used must be impregnated with an antiseptic or high-quality varnish, which is water based.
It is precisely these measures that will prevent the accumulation of dampness and the appearance of various bacteria.
Feeders are usually mounted on such a cage in front, and drinkers on the sides. You can also make them yourself, unless of course you rely on the aesthetics of the future design.
For practicality, it is also strongly recommended to cover newspapers in such cages, because when the pallet is removed, everything around can become dirty from feces of birds.
As a result, you should have a pretty attractive cage, but you will need to keep it in front of the window constantly so that the birds get at least some kind of sunlight.
Another drawback of using wood and plywood for the manufacture of cages is the weightiness of the resulting structures, which will be quite difficult to transport, especially with birds inside.
How to get rid of traces of quail content in your home: practical tips
Keeping these birds in the house is practical on the one hand, since you don’t have to come up with special appliances for heating the cages, and on the other it’s very troublesome, because the apartment or house can smell like birds and will be dirty.
But these problems can be fought if they are foreseen in advance.
How to ensure freshness at home if quail live in it?
Firstly, constantly have to clean the cell pan, on which all their waste is collected. This is best done 1-2 times a day, rinsing it with some odorless disinfectant (so as not to harm the birds).
Secondly, just like for cats, you can use a regular filler to keep the quails, the effect of which you will notice immediately.
Thirdly, the use of two pallets is the most effective way to combat odors from birds. Putting one under the cage, the other you can wash and put outside for ventilation.
This is especially important when a wooden pallet is used, in which the smell is especially absorbed.
A simple device to deal with crumbling feed
Another problem that occurs with the content of quail is the feed scattered around the cell. After all, these birds are very active, and are constantly looking for the best food.
Moreover, if you give them the best food – the result will be the same. Therefore, above the feeder, you can simply install a grid that will prevent the birds from barking in it.
Thus, you will ensure not only cleanliness, but also feed saving. Such a net can be made in the form of a house, which will allow not to take it out even when the feed is falling asleep.
But, of course, once a week the feeder will still have to be cleaned from the husks remaining in it.
We fight with the dust that settles in the house from the feed
On the one hand, this problem is most easily solved if birds are fed with wet mashrooms rather than dry compound feed. But the trouble is that there is not always enough time to make them.
In this case, only help use of special dust collectors. They are the prototypes of anthers that are used in cars and are attached to the windshield.
With all this, you can make such a device yourself: we take a grid with very thick cells and pull it on a specially prepared frame, the dimensions of which should be twice the size of the cell. If you put such a frame on the cage, it will completely absorb all the dust.
The only thing is that periodically this dust will have to be knocked out of the frame itself.
Another advantage of using the described frame as a dust collector is that if you keep it constantly moistened, it will affect the increase in air humidity. This factor is especially important for the birds themselves, which when dry air begins to break and feathers fall out.