First you need to determine the type of birds that you want to contain, and according to their size, select a cage.
For small birds (astrilles, amaranths, siskins, tapas), the cells should be at least 80X40X50 cm. For larger birds (canaries, bullfinches, etc.) 100X50X60. For large thrushes, schuros, and corvids, an even more voluminous cage is needed, since the most important requirement for keeping birds is to avoid crowding. If you are going to keep 2 birds in one cage, then the dimensions increase slightly. It is important that the bird feels comfortable in the new dwelling, it should have enough space for active life. In a small bird cage, contamination of the plumage of a bird, breaking off of tail and fly feathers is inevitable, as a result of which it becomes untidy.
Which cell should be purchased?
a) Many beginner lovers buy beautiful vignettes in cages, shiny gilded bars, a beautiful roof in the form of domes and other decorations. This should not be done, as the cage is a place of residence for birds, not a museum exhibit. She should be neat, tidy, but not pretentious. In various decorations, such as windows, columns, etc., dirt accumulates, which can become a source of disease for birds. If possible, the roof of the cage should be flat, since triangular slopes and other decorations make it difficult for birds to move around the cage, and they have to try on a long jump before getting on the upper perch. For larks, the upper plane of the cage is removed and tightened with a dense canvas, since these birds, in a fright, tend to fly up with a candle, so they can break their heads on the rods.
b) It is better to acquire a cage of a rectangular shape in which birds can move freely, in a high but narrow cage they either sit on a perch all day (this is how low-activity waxwings do), or jump on the walls of a cage, spoiling the plumage (carduelis, many asterids).
c) The rods of the cage should be stainless steel, as many birds like to bathe, and as a result of splashing, the iron rods rust. The base of the cell should be made of durable material, preferably plastic or plexiglass. The tray in the cage should extend freely, which will facilitate cleaning of the cage.
d) There must be several doors in the cage. They are needed to clean the cage; one of them can be hung an external nest box. It is better if one door is at the bottom and the other at the top.
a) Particular attention should be paid to the poles installed in the cage. There should not be too many of them. They must be of different diameters, such that birds cannot cover their paws (while quickly growing claws are erased), and those that are completely captured by the paws. The difference in diameters contributes to the gymnastics of the legs of birds.
b) The poles should be made of soft tree species, they should not be hollow (various parasites can form in the cavities). It is better not to remove the bark from the perch, as many birds (crossbills, schura, bullfinches, etc.) have a habit of biting it and nibbling the kidneys. The cages in the cage must be installed at different levels, at such a distance that the bird, jumping from one to the other, flaps its wings a little. If you let your birds out for a walk in the room, then this condition is not necessary. It is necessary to ensure that the distance between the perch and the wall of the cage is such that the bird, sitting on it, does not touch the rods with its tail – from constant friction against the rods, the tail becomes untidy.
c) If several birds (unpaired) live in one cage, then you should not put one perch above the others, since the birds will quarrel because of it all the time, the stronger ones will drive the weak ones. In this case, it is better to put two or three (if the size of the cell allows) poles at the same level.
In addition to the poles, the following things should be in the cage: a grain feeder, a soft food feeder, a drinker, a container with washed and fried fine river sand. It is recommended to fill the bottom of the cage with river sand, as birds peck it when they need it; sand is used for grinding hard grains and is especially important for granivores. To avoid contamination of the space around the cage, you can cover the bottom with newspaper, but in this case, leave the sand in a small jar of heavy faience or thick glass, since such jars of birds will not be able to turn over, and they are easy to clean.
Cage for a parrot
Feeding troughs can be of various types, open and closed (with a canopy so that the droppings do not fall), ordinary and automatic. Automatic feeders are a thick glass flask turned upside down with a receiver for grain. A grain mixture is poured into the flask, and as it is eaten from the receiver, new grains are poured from the tube. Automatic feeders are especially good when you have to leave your pets for a while (1-3 days), as the birds will receive enough feed. The disadvantage of this feeder is that a lot of grain is poured into it, and the birds usually first peck out one kind of grain, (for example, rape), which can negatively affect their health. Drinking bowls are also automatic and ordinary (cups). It is important that dirt does not get into the drinker, since many birds (bullfinches, schur, crossbills) really like to fold everything without falling into the drinker: apple skins, torn branches, pieces of newspaper, etc.
The cage should not be placed opposite the window, since the sun’s rays entering through the glass heat it up strongly (especially in summer), the bird can overheat. In addition, birds pollute the glass, and also against the background of the window they lose the brightness of their colors.
The mistake of many novice lovers is that they believe that placing birds at the window contributes to the production of vitamin D. Vitamin D is actually formed under the influence of sunlight, but we should not forget that glass absorbs the main spectrum of ultraviolet rays, so the good of the sun is no case. It is better to put the cage in a well-lit place, slightly higher than the height of a person (especially if the bird is wild).
If you want your pet to become more tame, position the cage a little lower, but you should cover part of it with a blanket so that in case of fright the bird can hide under a canopy. It is advisable to install the cage out of the reach of small children, pets, etc. You also need to ensure that drafts, various harmful fumes and gases do not affect the bird (for example, in the kitchen). Particularly deplorable drafts affect young animals whose immune system has not yet been strengthened, and they often catch a cold (it should be noted that birds rarely get sick, but aptly – we will talk about this later).