Every bird owner wants his pet to feel comfortable. And in this an important role is played by the cage, i.e., the bird house.
The most important thing when choosing a cell is its shape, size and the material from which it is made. A certain danger is represented by cells having oxidized metal drinkers, copper parts. It is not recommended to use cells in the form of a ball, in the form of a cylinder or a cube, a pyramid. A cell with a strongly curved shape, having many nooks and cranks, is difficult to fly and clean. Also, cages in which there are a lot of poles, feeding troughs, and toys are not suitable for birds, which prevents birds from flying inside the cage.
When choosing a cell, pay attention to size; the length should be greater than height and depth. The bird should be able to fly from perch to perch. It is also important that the bird is restricted from its litter. The best material for litter is paper, such a litter is inexpensive, it, unlike sawdust or peat, is easy to change, it inhibits the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. It is forbidden to use sawdust from coniferous trees in the form of litter.
The cage should not be placed in the kitchen, as the microclimate in this room is constantly changing, due to eating and cooking. The cage should be placed in a small wall or next to the cabinet in order to protect the bird from a draft when ventilating the room. The cage should be placed at the level of your chest or eyes, so the bird will feel safer. If the bird finds itself above the level of your eyes, then the bird may have a sense of self-dominance towards you, this can lead to aggression.
The doctor ornithologist of the Veterinary Center "Zoovet" strongly advises to monitor the humidity of the room where the bird is kept. If possible, avoid air dryness. On average, the humidity in the room where the bird lives should be 50-60%. At night, the bird should be in complete darkness. To do this, the cell can be covered, but not very tight, so that there is an influx of fresh air.
The poles in the cage should be wooden, from deciduous or fruit species of trees (linden, mountain ash, apple tree, pear, birch). Of great importance is the diameter of the pole. The bird’s foot should occupy two-thirds of the perch (digging in with claws) and one third of the perch should be in reserve. It is not necessary that the perch is uniform along the entire length, even if the diameter varies, but it will not be very thin. If you take the poles from the street, they must be scalded with boiling water and try to take them away from the highways so that the content of heavy metals in the crust is minimal.
In the figure above, the correct diameter of the pole is not recommended at the bottom. With prolonged use of the wrong diameter of the pole, injuries of the sole of the foot can occur, leading to the occurrence of naminas, scuffs, and the appearance of pododeramitis and calluses. Claws with a small diameter perch grow faster and can bend. It is not recommended to place the poles above the feeders and above the other poles, as this leads to contamination of the underlying objects. Normally, two poles are enough in the cage, one is located at the level of the feeders and the drinkers, the second can be located on the other side and higher. There you can organize something like a fitness center, a swing, a bell and other toys. Bird toys should not contain toxic metals, hooks, sharp edges, or small easily swallowed parts.
The cage needs two feeders, one for grain feed, and the other for mineral fertilizing, there should also be a drinker and clothespin for greens and fruits, a mineral stone for grinding the beak. The litter in the cage must be changed daily, and once a week to carry out major cleaning of the cage. Water in the drinker, you need to change every day, regardless of what kind of drinker you have. If the bird does not fly outside the cage, then the size of the cage should allow it to fly inside it. Outside the cage, the bird must fly at least 15 minutes a day.