The choice of cage for the future bird depends on the physiological characteristics of feeding, care and maintenance of the latter. For example, lanes are very fond of scattering food in different directions, so instead of the usual open cage, it is better to stay on a box, in which only the front wall is made of rods. Then you don’t have to clean the space surrounding the cell several times from sawdust and food. Cells with vertically spaced rods are especially convenient for finches and canaries, as they do not have the habit of climbing all over their homes. Horizontal bars of the cage are useful for all parrots, who, on the contrary, love to crawl around their home, clinging to their claws.
Cell selection criteria
It is also worth remembering that space is very important for birds, as they are quite mobile. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the pet with as much free space as possible. Otherwise, it will be inactive, which leads to obesity and shortens the life of the bird. Obesity may also be due to the lack of the ability to fly at home, and spending too little energy. These factors can provoke not only the appearance of excess weight, but also a gradual atrophy of the muscles, as a result of which the muscles become weak, untrained. In practice, it was noticed that birds kept in spacious rooms pluck feathers much less than those living in cages.
When choosing a cell, you need to pay attention to its size. Most often, it is recommended that the length be greater than depth and height. As mentioned above, movement is important for bird health, and it is only possible with a sufficiently spacious interior space. In particular, cells can be distinguished for large birds, where the volume of space plays a decisive role. Another useful rule when choosing a place of detention: the bird should not be able to contact with its litter. To this end, special grilles are installed above the pallets. Plain paper can be used as bedding. It has one very important property: it is easy to change, and it does not slow down the development of pathogenic microflora, unlike sawdust and peat, which are strictly prohibited for use in the cell.
Poles made of plastic or plastic, selling in the same kit with the cage, have flaws that can lead to undesirable consequences. The fact is that they are hollow inside, and this cavity can become a breeding ground for the blood-sucking gamasid tick, which often parasitizes on birds. In addition, representatives of the parrot squad love to clean and sharpen beaks with the help of wooden branches, and plastic can not stand this. Often, a rubberized surface or ribbed surface injures the sole of the foot, causing chafing, bruises, up to the formation of subdermatitis.
Wooden poles are more versatile, but they also have several disadvantages: a constant diameter, this diameter may not be suitable for a certain category of birds. When choosing, the following rule should be taken into account: When the feathered foot is on the perch, it should occupy two-thirds, digging its claws, and one third of the perch should be in stock.
The perch can be curved, or somewhat crimped, if it was made from a branch cut from a tree. Moreover, the branch should in no case be thin. In addition to injuring the sole of the foot, the small diameter contributes to the uncontrolled growth of the claws, and they will have to be cut more often.
The best perches and perches for birds are obtained from branches cut from an apple tree, pear, elderberry, plane tree, linden, mountain ash and birch. When choosing a tree, you should make sure that it has not been previously treated with any poisonous substances against insects. Parrots are very big lovers of pecking bark, they can swallow “poisonous sawdust” and get poisoned. Slices are washed and processed with boiling water. The poles must be cut with a margin so that there are small allowances at the ends. This will allow them to stay firmly in place while strengthening the spreader. The norm is the presence of two poles.
Often decorative cages for birds, especially parrots, have one weak point – door locks. A simple hook is a challenge to these smart birds, allowing them to leave the cage in the absence of the owner. The consequences of these walks can be hazardous to the health of the bird: from spoiled equipment, wires, green plants, and ending with injuries to the bird itself. It never hurts to strengthen the door with a lock with a secret, over which the parrot will prettyly have to break its feathered head.
There is another important detail that you need to consider when choosing a cell. This is the convenience of cleaning it. Some cells can be equipped with special gratings that press against the pallet and securely lock any underlay material. But litter can accumulate on the grill, and it often has to be removed and washed. In addition, the lattice in its own way poses a potential danger to the feathered pet. Walking on the floor, his foot may sooner or later get stuck inside the grill. Therefore, the presence of a lattice for individual species of birds is not recommended.
Cell layout and interior equipment
I would like to note right away that the kitchen is the best location. In particular, wooden bird cages installed in the kitchen can absorb unpleasant odors, fat and will quickly become worthless. It is advisable that the cage stand where you can more often pay attention to your pet. Also keep in mind that if you suddenly decide to ventilate the room where the bird lives, the cage should be in a wall or behind a cabinet.
Location height also plays an important role. Do not place the cage below the belt, as the bird will experience fear. Also, it is impossible to place the cage above the head, otherwise the bird will consider itself the dominant, and try to control you. The best option is to sit at chest level.
At night, the cage must be covered, this will keep the psyche of the feathered in good condition. Normalized light conditions for birds are very important. In winter, the light regime fluctuates within ten, twelve hours, and in summer it can reach 14 hours.
In the cage there should be one feeder for grain feed and another feeder for mineral feed, a drinker and clothespin for vegetables, fruits and greens. Change the water in the drinker every day. If the feeders are located inside the cage, there should be no poles above them. This will keep the contents of the feeders clean.
The mirror is recommended to be used only as a last resort, when you cannot pay enough attention to the bird due to a long absence. When living in a cage of two individuals, a mirror is generally not recommended, since problems can occur in a family of birds. When using toys inside the cage, try to buy toys without dyes. Additionally, it is worth consulting a doctor ornithologist. Do not forget that the bird must fly outside the cage and the more the better. Clean the pallet in the cage every day, and the general cleaning of the entire cage can be done once every two weeks, or earlier. Take care of your feathered friends, and they will reciprocate.