Bird cages. They are made of two types: wicker and frame. The bottom of the wicker cage is woven in the same way as the bottom of the road basket. The risers are also strengthened in it. The struts are braided with a rope in three rods. Begin weaving from each corner, going to other corners, until the bars run out. The ends of the ropes are hidden in weaving, the risers are left unbranched.
Four angled sticks, which make up the upper frame of the cage, are nailed to the upright angular risers at the required height, depending on the type of birds for which the cage is intended. So that the risers of the cell walls hold firmly, do not move apart and do not cross, their middle is braided with a rope in two rods.
The cell lid is performed similarly to the bottom, only the rods are rarely plaited, leaving empty spaces between them (204). A bend of three pairs of rods is woven around its edges. Fix the lid to the cage in two places with a loop of tape or wire. For this, the awl is wrapped in a thick wire with a spiral of several revolutions. The ends of the wire are bent, and another piece of wire is threaded through the spiral, bending its ends in opposite directions (205). The ends of one part of the loop pass through the edge of the lid and bend, and the second is strengthened in the frame. A hook or loop overlay is attached to the front wall of the cage.
The bottom of the frame cage is usually made of thin boards: two or three boards of the same length are knocked down by strips on the bottom side. Four sticks are nailed to the bottom corners, the length of which should be equal to the desired height of the cage. To the upper ends of the sticks beat the sticks of the upper frame of the same size as the bottom. On the side where the door is supposed to be, two more sticks are inserted between the bottom and the upper frame. The middle of the walls is fastened with a stick nailed to the corner risers. The result is a frame cell framework (206 ha). The cell framework is wrapped in pairs of rods made up of opposite ends. The distance between the pairs should be the same 207 (206, b). To the middle sticks of the walls of the rods they attach a tape, which braids each pair of rods and a stick. Going around the whole cell, they are braided one more time on the other side.
At the upper frame, the rods are reinforced with tape for greater strength. Pairs of h rods in this part of the cell are braided through one, and, returning back, braid the missing pairs. Once again, pairs of rods are braided in a similar manner and their ends are cut off.
For a cover, a frame of the same size with the upper frame is knocked together. Nails are nailed to the middle of the frame. The ends of the rods are reinforced with tape and their middle is pinned to the middle stick. The lid is nailed to the upper frame of the cage.
The doors of the cage, for which a hole was left in one of the side walls, are made in the same way as the lid, and attached to a loop of wire (206). For convenience, braided handles are attached.
Cases for bottles. Large bottles for better preservation and more convenient transportation and transportation are placed in cases woven from a green rod. Cases for bottles weave in the same way as round baskets. The height of the case should be slightly higher than the beginning of the tapering part of the bottle.
The top of the bottle is covered with a separately woven lid. Weaving covers begin with a narrow part. Weave the lid with layered or ordinary weaving in accordance with the shape of the upper part of the bottle, pushing and inserting new risers. End the weaving of the bottle cap with a rope of three rods and a bend of three pairs of twigs.
The upper hole of the lid is closed with a braided cap, which is fastened with a twisted rod to the lid, and the lid – to the case ().
Braided Bottle. Small bottles are braided with continuous weaving. Weaving starts from the bottom, which weave in the same way as in round baskets. Its diameter should be slightly larger than the bottom of the bottle. End the bottom with a rope of three or four rods, after which they bend the risers up and braid
them with the same rope. Another riser is inserted so that their number is odd, and the walls of the bottle are braided with tape. Having reached the tapering part of the bottle, the weaving is also narrowed. To do this, first connect the risers in two. After passing a little weaving, one riser in a pair is cut out, continuing a little weaving, again connect the risers and so reach the end. Finish bottle weaving by bending (20).
By attaching a handle from a twisted rod to the weaving, a finished, firmly braided bottle is obtained (209). Samples of braided bottles are shown in Figure 210.
Stationery baskets. Designed for temporary storage of various bills and stationery. They are made in sets of two or three baskets of different sizes. The size of large baskets is 35X25X7 cm. Other set baskets are made smaller so that they fit freely into a large basket. On one side of the basket, an unplaced cutout is left to make it easier to take paper. For greater elegance, the stitches of the baskets are woven with a pattern of colored ribbons (211).
Newspapers. Use for storage of newspapers and magazines and hang on a wall. Newspapers are made up of two braided walls: a smaller front and a larger rear. The base of the walls is nailed to the bottom of the plank. The front wall is slightly bent forward. From the sides, the walls are connected by arches (212).
Storage baskets for clothes and shoe brushes. They are made for one, two or more brushes (213). First, the back frame is bent and braided. Then, the bottom of the plank is nailed to the bottom edge of the frame. Risers are attached to the bottom edges and plaited to a height of 1 2. 1 5 cm.
Frames for portraits. Make a frame of four tablets. A rod is placed in the middle of one side plank. Wrap this part of the frame with tape (214, a) and willow tape to make a picture (214.6). Wrap the frame with tape twice. Do the same with the second and third tapes. After that, the first tape is passed through the top, bent down and twisted two times. Then weave as weaved with the second and third ribbons to the end of this side of the frame. So they braid the whole frame. The corners are braided with willow ribbon. To prevent the glass from falling out, a bar is made of rods, wrapped with tape and nailed to the frame with cloves (215).
Raffia Baskets. Two hoops are prepared: the top is slightly larger than the bottom. The rods are cut into pieces of the appropriate length and the hoops are connected with them (217). A framework is made and, having attached raffia to it, they are wrapped (218). Having reached the end, they knit a loop and nail with a clove. The third hoop is made to fit inside the basket,
it will be the bottom. The risers are beaten on both sides of the bottom and weaved until the bottom is full (219). The braided bottom is placed inside the basket and nailed from the outside with cloves. So connect the ends of raffia (220).
Floor mats. Usually made from straw. Take three identical handfuls of straw and weave from them a dense long braid. Round or oval rugs () are sewn from this braid with twine, twisted with strong threads or a thin rope.
The same rugs can be made from rods. The square is pulled out. To prevent weaving, the ends are braided with a bend of three pairs of rods.
Children’s bags and sandwiches. Children’s baskets of various shapes and sizes are made of thin rods and ribbons, most often painted in different colors. Baby baskets perform the same way as the corresponding type of basket of normal size. Figure 224 shows the most common baby baskets. For children attending kindergartens and schools, especially during excursions, wicker sandwiches that are worn on thongs thrown over the shoulder are very convenient. Different types of sandwiches (both round and oval) are made using appropriate patterns and are woven from a thin colored ribbon.
Boxes of Wrenches (). For the manufacture of the box, they take a piece of pine logs (preferably raw), cut, chopped into logs of length 5.7 cm, from which thin bends are made.
A quadrangular or rectangular shape is prepared from the boards. If the shape is quadrangular, the holes are of the same length, rectangular – some are longer, others are shorter. Apply a splinter to the bottom of the mold and temporarily attach it in the middle with cloves.
Bends intertwine and bend up. The spouts used for the walls should be 10.12 with a longer shape. The walls begin to braid from the middle. Having passed around, the end of one arm is connected to the end of the other through two or three arms. After that, weave on the other hand so that the junction of the spurs n are in the same place. When the walls reach the desired height, the remaining ends of the bends are cut off.
For example, in wicker products lentils running along birch bark ribbons
Some products, who wove in antiquity, have not lost their practical significance even now.
Wicker products from the vine are not only light, durable and comfortable, but also delight the eye with the natural beauty and warmth of the material, expressive rhythm and variety wicker pattern.
Weaving from the vine – one of the most ancient crafts. It arose much earlier than pottery and occupied
And the most common products from the vine were baskets.
If from wicker the vessel required high strength, its
In modern products some masters combine root weaving with other materials, such as birch bark.
Artistic products made of wood, in addition to expressive proportions, colors, shapes, often
in a clear and finished composition which still prevails wicker ornament.
Moldovan craftsmen of crafts enterprises wicker products from a rod: bread bins, breadcrumbs, fruit bowls, trays, baskets, bags, furniture.