How to care for a budgie parrot at home
Along with dogs, cats and fish, budgies are very popular for home keeping. These colorful and funny birds will become a worthy decoration of your home. You can find out how to care for them by reading this article.
These birds come from Australia, where they are distributed everywhere except the coast and northeastern forests of the mainland. They live in semi-desert and steppe regions, within which they constantly migrate. The only exception is the period when they make nests. The population of these parrots in the wild is affected by climatic conditions and the availability of food supply. Hunger and drought often cause it to decrease. Agricultural land and man-made artificial ponds come to the aid of birds. They become for them a constant source of food and water.
Flocks from 20 to several hundred individuals. Under natural conditions, seeds serve as food for the undides various plants and extremely rarely insects. Nesting of these parrots occurs during the Australian rains. They make nests in hollows of trees, mainly eucalyptus trees. Sometimes they can use stumps and trunks of fallen trees for these purposes.
To the nest female lays 5 to 12 oval white eggs, which hatches for 16-21 days. The male at this time becomes the breadwinner. Completely naked and blind cubs hatch from eggs, which see through the tenth day of life. After a month having fledged, they begin to leave the limits of the nest.
How to choose a budgie?
To the choice of birds need to be serious enough. It depends on how long the parrot will please you with its society and how healthy it will be.
When buying a feathered friend, you should consider:
Male or female?
Sex determination in budgies does not cause any special difficulties. Voskovitsa (region above the beak) males are blue, and females are gray or light brown. This trait makes it possible to almost unmistakably determine the sex differences in these birds.
The younger the individual, the paler its wax and plumage.
You should know that these animals are very attached to the owner. Therefore, if you do not have enough time to communicate with your pet, buy him a pair. Some people simultaneously contain several wavy.
Maintenance and care
When choosing a cell, it should be borne in mind that its the area should allow the bird to fly from place to place. The budgie will feel comfortable in the house, the dimensions of which will be at least 60 cm (H) by 80 cm (W). At the same time, there should not be too many toys and other equipment. The structure of the dwelling should be convenient for cleaning, because it will have to be done quite often. Keeping parrots outside the cage is strongly discouraged!
The cage must be set a bathing capacity, which corresponds to the size of the bird. The parrot should have free access to it. It is better to choose one that will be fixed to the bars of the cage and filled with water from the outside.
As for the hearts, then preference is given to natural wood, except for eucalyptus, pink and oak. They should be well fixed, otherwise there is a risk of injury.
I will be glad the parrot and special toys (bells, ladders, balls), but in order to avoid excessive clutter of the free space of the cell, they should not be more than two or three.
It is the key to the health and comfort of birds. Optimal daylight hours, which needs a parrot – 12 hours in the summer and 14 hours in the winter. In summer, sunbathing will be useful, and in winter, lighting should be as close as possible to the solar spectrum. Darkness is a prerequisite for a healthy sleep, prevention of stress reactions and stimulation of the immune system. If at night the cage is covered with lightweight fabric, then the parrot will get used to fall asleep immediately after dark.
It is also an important condition and should be 60–70%. Dry air is not the best way to affect the condition of the pet. Therefore, during the heating season, you need to use humidifiers.
It is necessary to monitor the temperature regime pretty strict. The optimum temperature in the room where the budgerigar is kept should vary between 23–25 degrees. In hot weather, access to fresh water must be provided to avoid overheating. To heat a parrot in cold weather, it is recommended to use a special lamp. Heaters are better not to use, because they too dry the air.
In order for the budgie to feel comfortable, it is necessary to provide proper care for its housing. It is obligatory to clean the cage in the morning and in the evening. To do this, do not use synthetic detergents. Simply rinse it with running water, and then scald it with boiling water and wipe it with a dry, clean cloth. Periodically, the dwelling, where the parrot lives, can be wiped with a decoction of chamomile or wormwood.
The feeder and drinking bowl are also subject to daily washing. The feeder should be open, because climbing into a closed feeder, the parrot may be her hostage. Having experienced severe stress, the animal may die.
What does the budgie eat?
To enrich the body with vitamin E, periodically give the pet sprouted grain.
Greenery: in the warm season, the parrot should receive lettuce, dandelion, plantain, clover leaves. You can also give the tops of radishes and carrots. Before putting greens in a cage, it should be washed well with warm water. In winter, sprouted oats are suitable as green fodder, which can be grown independently in a box on the windowsill.
Care must be taken to ensure that the parrot does not eat leaves and flowers of indoor plants, since they can be toxic to it.
Vegetables a budgie should be consumed throughout the year. They are sources of beneficial nutrients and are rich in vitamins. Birds love carrots, which are rich in carotene. You can also give them cucumbers and tomatoes, bell peppers, fresh zucchini and beets, radishes. Well they eat different types of cabbage: cauliflower, white cabbage, broccoli. Before giving animals, vegetables should be scalded with boiling water.
Berries and fruits, which feeds the parrot should be fresh and clean. Suitable for these purposes: apples, grapes, bananas, peaches, raspberries, strawberries, cherries. In the summer, you can treat your pet with melon or watermelon. It is better to refrain from feeding exotic fruits.
From time to time, you can give your favorite boiled porridge: wheat, barley, buckwheat and others.
There should always be clean drinking water in the drinker so that the pet can drink when he wants to.
Breeding and breeding budgies
If you take care of your pets properly, then they will delight you with their offspring without much difficulty.
These birds reach puberty by four monthsm, but they become ready for reproduction not earlier than one year. It is advisable to let the pet choose a mating partner for itself.
The temperature in the room should be 20-24 degrees. A special plywood house with a hinged roof should be put in the cage where mating and breeding of birds is supposed. This is necessary in order to control everything that happens in it. At the bottom it should be placed not very large sawdust. The steam must be provided with sufficient feed and water.
Soon after mutual courtship, the female lays eggs with two days (their total number can reach eight pieces) and begins to hatch them for 2-3 weeks. All this time the male belches food and feeds it. Hatching cubs are completely bald and blind. After their appearance, periodically you should carefully look into the house. It is advisable that the young mother did not notice your manipulations. She feeds the chicks with a secret that stands out from her special glands.
After 35-40 days, the grown and fledged chicks begin to leave the house. Despite the fact that parents still feed them, you need to pour grain for them on the floor in the cage. It is better to put the grown budgies in a separate cage so that adults do not accidentally injure them.
How are parrots sick?
In natural conditions, budgies are extremely rarely susceptible to disease. But at home, the birds may have health problems. Here are some of them:
Providing your pet comfortable maintenance and care, You can enjoy his company for 12 to 15 years.